Weißeritz catchment

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Map of the catchment area with meteorological stations and the gauging stations of the headwaters.
Raised bog of Georgenfeld in the head water of the Weisseritz
Measurment of throughfall in the Becherbach
Meteorological station close to Rehefeld
Rock formation at mount Pramenac
Dye tracer experiment
TDR in annoying soil
Pipe flow at the food of mount Hemmschuh close to Rehefeld



Eastern Ore Mountains, Czech Republic/Saxony Germany

Catchment size

360km² at the gauge Dresden, Wilde Weißeritz at the gauge Ammelsdorf 49 km² and at the gauge Rehefeld 16 km²


humid - temperate, annual precipitation in the upper part approximately 1,000 mm


Soils in the upper part of the catchment are dominated by Cambisoils and Podsols on periglacial covering layers. Substrate is loamy with a high content of gravel. The parent rock consists of Phylite and Gneis.


Mid moutain area, elevation 300 - 920 m a.s.l.

Vegetation/Land use

The catchment is dominated by forests (mainly spruce), arable land and pasture. In the upper part can be found raised bog, but they are mainly drained.

Context of investigation

  • Identification of hydrological processes
  • Flood forecasting
  • climate change


Links to project webpages

other Links


Bernatowicz, W., Weiss, A. Matschullat, J. (2009): Linking biological and physicochemical water quality. ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT , 159(1-4), 311-330, DOI: 10.1007/s10661-008-0631-9.
Bronstert, A., Creutzfeldt, B., Graeff, T., Hajnsek, I., Heistermann, M., Itzerott, S., Jagdhuber, T., Kneis, D. Lück, E., Reusser, D., Zehe, E. (2012): Potentials and constraints of different types of soil moisture observations for flood simulations in headwater catchments. Nat. Hazards, 60, 879–914, DOI 10.1007/s11069-011-9874-9.
Bürger, G; Reusser, D; Kneis, D. (2009): Early flood warnings from empirical (expanded) downscaling of the full ECMWF Ensemble Prediction System. WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH, 45, W10443
Cunah Costa, A., Bronstert, A., Kneis, D. (2012): Probabilistic flood forecasting for a mountainous headwater catchment (49 km²) using a nonparametric stochastic dynamic approach. HYDROLOGICAL SCIENCES JOURNAL-JOURNAL DES SCIENCES HYDROLOGIQUES, 57(1), 10–25, DOI: dx.doi.org/10.1080/02626667.2011.637043.
Franke, J., Bernhöfer, C. (2009): A method for deriving a future temporal spectrum of heavy precipitation on the basis of weather patterns in low mountain ranges. Meteorol. Appl. 16: 513–522.
Franke, J., Goldberg, V., Eichelmann, U., Freydank, E., Bernhofer, C. (2007): Statistical analysis of regional climate trends in Saxony, Germany. Clim Res 27: 145–150.
Franke, J., Häntzschel, J., Goldberga, V., Bernhofer, C. (2008): Application of a trigonometric approach to the regionalization of precipitation for a complex small-scale terrain in a GIS environment. Meteorol. Appl. 15: 483–490.
Goldberg, V., Eichelmann, U., Prasse, H.,Bernhofer, C. (2003): The flash flood event in the catchment of the river Weißeritz (eastern Erzgebirge, Saxony) from 12.-14. August 2002
Graeff, T. (2011): Soil moisture dynamics and soil moisture controlled runoff processes at different spatial scales : from observation to modelling, Potsdam, Germany, Dissertation.
Graeff, T., Zehe, E., Blume, T., Francke, T., Schröder, B. (2012): Predicting event response in a nested catchment with generalized linear models and a distributed watershed model. HYDROLOGICAL PROCESSES, 26, 3749–3769, DOI: 10.1002/hyp.8463.
Haensel, S., Ullrich, K., Sommer, T., Benning, R., Prange, N., Matschullat, J. (2013): Regionaler Wasserhaushalt im Wandel Klimawirkungen und Anpassungsoptionen in der Modellregion Dresden. Publikationsreihe des BMBF-geförderten Projektes REGKLAM - Regionales Klimaanpassungsprogramm für die Modellregion Dresden, Heft 5, ISBN: 978-3-944101-14-9
Haufe, H., Wollenhaupt, T. (2014): Rehabilitation of Klingenberg Dam. WASSERWIRTSCHAFT 104(1-2), 26-29.
Heistermann, M. Kneis, D. (2011): Benchmarking quantitative precipitation estimation by conceptual rainfall‐runoff modeling. WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH 47: W06514, doi:10.1029/2010WR009153.
Jagdhuber, T., Hajnsek, I., Bronstert, A., Papathanassiou, K.P. (2013): Soil Moisture Estimation Under Low Vegetation Cover Using a Multi-Angular Polarimetric Decomposition. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING 51(4), 2201-2215, DOI: 10.1109/TGRS.2012.2209433.
Jagdhuber, T. (2012): Soil parameter retrieval under vegetation cover using SAR polarimetry, Potsdam, Germany, Dissertation.
Kneis, D., Heistermann, M. (2009): Quality assessment of radar-based precipitation estimates with the example of a small catchment. HYDROLOGIE UND WASSERBEWIRTSCHAFTUNG, 53(3), 160-171.
Kneis, D., Bürger, G., Bronstert, A. (2012): Evaluation of medium-range runoff forecasts for a 50 km² watershed. JOURNAL OF HYDROLOGY, 414–415, 341–353, DOI: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2011.11.005.
Lennartz, F., Müller, R., Prange, N., Wagner, M. (2013): TP 3.2.1 – Wasserhaushalt im Einzugsgebiet von Talsperren. REGKLAM Ergebnisbericht.
Merta, M., Seidler, C., Bianchin, S., Heilmeier, H., Richter, E. (2008): Analysis of land change in eastern ore mountains reagrding both nature protection and flood prevention. Soil & Water Res., 3(1), S105–S115.
Pöhler, H. (2006): Anpassung von WaSiM-ETH und die Erstellung und Berechnung von Landnutzungs und Klimaszenarien für die Niederschlag-Abfluss-Modellierung am Beispiel des Osterzgebirges, Freiberg, Germany, Dissertation.
Tarolli, M., Borga, M., Zoccatelli, D., Bernhofer, C., Jatho, N., al Janabi, F. (2013): Rainfall Space-Time Organization and Orographic Control on Flash Flood Response: The Weisseritz Event of August 13, 2002. JOURNAL OF HYDROLOGIC ENGINEERING, 18(2), 183-193, DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)HE.1943-5584.0000569.
Tynior, R., Goldenbogen, R., Lange, B. (2013): Project Flood Retarding Basin Niederpoebel - Rockfill Aam with Ecological Passage and Road Passage. WASSERWIRTSCHAFT 103(5), 72-75.
Wenzel, R. (2004):Simulation der Niederschlag-Abfluss-Verhältnisse zur Rekonstruktion von Hochwasserabflüssen in einem Kleinsteinzugsgebiet der Wilden Weißeritz, östliches Erzgebirge. FU Berlin, Germany, Master theses.
Zehe, E., Graeff, T., Morgner, M., Bauer, A., Bronstert, A. (2010): Plot and field scale soil moisture dynamics and subsurface wetness control on runoff generation in a headwater in the Ore Mountains. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 14, 873-889, DOI: 10.5194/hess-14-873-2010.
Zimmerman, L., Zimmerman, F. (2002): Fog deposition to Norway Spruce stands at high-elevation sites in the Eastern Erzgebirge (Germany). JOURNAL OF HYDROLOGY, 256(3-4), 166-175.
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